Jack McCoy Could Win This Case
I usually make my Atheist posts in response to some other post made by a religious person. In the case of this post, I am responding to someone who is absolutely sure he’s proven the existence of God and the truth of his particular religion. Please forgive me for not linking to said person: I’m sure you know just the sort of bloke I’m talking about.
So, what I’d like to do in my own brief way is lay out the best case for Atheism. That is, why should someone conclude that Atheism is more probably rational and right than (any) theism? Here are the reasons why:
(1) It’s not clear that a being such as God (in the modern Judeo-Christian sense of an all-knowing, all-loving, all-powerful supreme being) could be at all. If the concept of God is logically inconsistent, then the God of that concept cannot be real.
(1.1) Omnipotence, for example, may not be logically possible.
(1.2) Omniscience, too, is a difficult concept and cannot simply be granted by us as a real attribute.
(2) The lack of a successful proof for God. If we cannot even make something like the ontological argument work, then maybe it’s time to reason that we cannot prove God because there is no God.
(3) We are justified in believing that many things do not exist: Santa Claus, Superman, unicorns, and so on. What makes God an exception here?
(3.1) If there were a God, there would be a steady influx of direct, unambiguous evidence to reinforce the view that there is a God. Yet, there is no direct evidence and nothing that cannot be reasonably attributed to natural causes.
(4) Widespread human and non-human animal suffering contradicts the concept of God.
(4.1) The innocent and the assholes are equally available to misfortune.
(4.2) What did the animals do to deserve death and their bloody struggle for survival?
(5) Generally in biology and cosmology, naturalism provides the better explanations of phenomena over all theistic explanations.
(6) Probability favors physical causes over intelligent causes for generation of features/phenomena and for the appearance of order.
In sum, the real problem with God is --
It cannot really be explained, it cannot be proved, it fits nicely into a human strength for creating imaginary characters, it is deeply undermined by the problem of indiscriminate evil, it is not the best explanation for anything, and it’s the most improbable cause of observed reality.
The best case for Atheism, then, is...God.
Note: Special credit and thanks to the "Atheism" article in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, from which much of the material in this post is based.